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Arabic Pronoun
 

Arabic Subject Pronouns:

In Arabic the subject pronoun is more specific than many other languages, for example there are different ways to say “you” in Arabic depending on who you’re addressing it to, for example to address 2 people you use a subject pronoun different than the one you would use for a single person, also if you’re addressing more than two people you will have to use a different form for that as well. Finally most of subject pronouns have a feminine and a masculine form. The table below shows the different forms you may come across:

 

Arabic Subject Pronouns

Singular

Dual

Plural

I     Ana

 

you    Anta (singular masculine.)

 

you       Anti (singular feminine)

  

he   Howa

 

she Hiya

 

you (dual male or female)  Antuma

 

they (dual male or female)  Humaa

 

We   Nahn

 

you (plural masculine)   Antum

 

you (plural feminine)  Antun

 

they (plural masculine)   Hum

 

they (plural feminine)   Hun

 

To say for example I’m a boy = Ana walad! (Ana = I, walad = boy) as you may have noticed “am” and “a” are omitted in Arabic, so it’s like saying “I boy”, same thing with all other subject pronouns. He is a boy = Howa walad (he boy), we’re boys = Nahnu* Awlad (we boys),

You may also have noticed that Arabic has a “dual” form,  meaning that Arabic is being more specific about not only the gender but also the number, so the dual form is used to refer to two people, if you want to talk to Salim and Karim to tell them: you both speak Arabic! =  Antuma tatakallamani al ‘arabia , if you want to talk about them: they both speak Arabic = Humaa yatakalamani al ‘arabia

For the plural there are five subject pronouns, We = Nahn (for females and males). You = Antum (when you talk to 3 males or more, or one male and the 2 females or more)

You = Antun (when you talk to 3 females or more). They = Hum (when you talk about 3 males or more, or one male and the 2 females or more). They = Hun (when you talk about 3 females or more).

* Some subject pronouns take an extra vowel at the end when they’re followed by other words, to make the pronunciation smooth and easy, just like when you add an “n” to the indefinite article “a” to some words, “an umbrella” instead of “a umbrella” to make it easier to pronounce, same thing in Arabic, we add either “u” or “a” to many words to make them go in harmony with other words following them, we will go through that later, but for now you can keep using the articles without these vowels especially because you will be still understood even without adding them.

 

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